RALPH  KENYON
EXTRAPOLATOR

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Questions

1982

Tokens:

Who, What, Which, Where, When, Why, How

Function:

Why/How :: Purpose/Structure :: Will/Non-will

Choice:

Who, What, Which - selection

  

Where, When - coordinates

Perspective: Do/Be (Do:Be::Purpose:Structure)

Forms:

Function or Choice with Perspective (Do, Be)

Perspective = (Do, Be)
Do = 'Agent' perspective
Be = 'Object' perspective

? - (Expectation, Waiting, Sitting)

Level 1. No distinctions. At this level "Question" becomes "The One Question" and can be characterized as a "Waiting", a "Sitting", or a non-specific "Expectation". Technically: "Interrogative, over."

Function - (Why/How)

Level 2. One distinction, between the questioner and that questioned, the classical Agent - Object distinction, which I shall refer to as 'the fundamental distinction', is invoked. At this level "Question" becomes focused upon the Agent, "Why" (purpose) or "What" the Object (structure). As such, sub-distinctions are assumed within either side of the fundamental distinction, and an indication of such sub-structure will be taken as answer. Across the distinction, Purpose is analogous to Structure.

(Why : How :: Purpose : Structure).

Choice - (Who, What, Which, Where, When)

Level 3. More distinctions. The 'Object' side of the fundamental distinction is more developed as evidenced by the existence of a greater number of terms. Also the 'Object' side of the fundamental distinction presumes the existence of certain structures about which to inquire.

Who, What, Which - selection

Who

Multiple Agents presumed

What

Multiple Objects presumed

   

(Who : What :: Agent : Object)

Which

Multiple similar Objects presumed

   

("Which" is a special case of "What")

Coordinates
(Special cases of "Which")

Where, When - coordinates

Where - Space presumed, Request to indicate Coordinate
When - Time presumed, Request to indicate Coordinate

Perspective

Do/Be form a secondary distinction represented by the classification scheme between factual knowledge as opposed to procedural knowledge. This distinction is also the same distinction as the Object-Agent distinction in that Procedural Knowledge presumes an Agent to embody the knowledge whereas factual knowledge presumes an Object (structure) to embody the knowledge.

?



(Agent)
Why
Unconstrained Inquiry
(prior structure not presumed)
(Object)
How



Who Constrained Inquiry
(prior structure presumed)
What








(Plural)
Which

(Singular)
What *




(Space)
Where

(Time)
When

Q = [?|F|S|C]
? = Level 1, General interrogative
F = Level 2, Function (Why | How)
S = Level 3, Selection (Who | What | Which)
C = Level 3, Coordinate (Where | When)

Source: Ralph Kenyon - 1982